This list of tallest buildings includes skyscrapers with continuously occupiable floors and a height of at least 350 m. Apart from Burj Khalifa in Dubai being the tallest building in the world, China has the largest number of tall buildings in the world, surpassing that of the second and third largest, the United States (700+) and Japan (230+), combined.

Historically, the world's tallest man-made structure was the Great Pyramids of Giza in Egypt, which held the position for over 3,800 years until the construction of Lincoln Cathedral in England in 1311. Until the completion of the Washington Monument in 1884 the world's tallest buildings were churches and cathedrals, Christian places of worship, in Europe.

The early skyscraper was pioneered in Chicago, forming the basis for which the United States would hold the position of the world's tallest building for much of the 20th century until 1998, when the Petronas Towers were completed. Since then only two more buildings have held the title: Taipei 101 and Burj Khalifa. Since the beginning of the 21st century, Western Asia, China, as well as Southeast Asia have seen a boom in skyscraper construction.


1. Burj Khalifa in Dubai


Top 15 Tallest Buildings/Skyscrapers in the World 2020

The Burj Khalifa, known as the Burj Dubai prior to its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) and a roof height (excluding antenna) of 828 m (2,717 ft), the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure and building in the world since its topping out in 2009.

Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai.


2. Shanghai Tower in China


Shanghai Tower, tallest building in China
Shanghai Tower, tallest building in China

The Shanghai Tower is a 632-metre (2,073 ft), 128-story megatall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. It shares the record (along with the Ping An Finance Center) of having the world's highest observation deck within a building or structure at 562 m,[10] and the world's second-fastest elevators at a top speed of 20.5 metres per second (74 km/h; 46 mph). It is the world's second-tallest building by height to architectural top.

Construction work on the tower began in November 2008 and topped out on 3 August 2013. The exterior was completed in summer 2015, and work was considered complete in September 2015. Although the building was originally scheduled to open to the public in November 2014, the actual public-use date slipped considerably. 

The observation deck was opened to visitors in July 2016; the period from July through September 2016 was termed a "test run" or "commissioning" period. Since April 26, 2017, the sightseeing deck on the 118th floor has been open to the public. Shanghai Tower is the winner of Tien-yow Jeme Civil Engineering Prize of 2018.


3. Abraj Al Bait in Saudi Arabia


Abraj Al Bait in Saudi Arabia
Abraj Al Bait in Saudi Arabia

The Abraj Al-Bait is a government-owned complex of seven skyscraper hotels in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These towers are a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that aims to modernize the city in catering to its pilgrims. The central hotel tower, the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, has the world's largest clock face and is the third-tallest building and fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the world. The clock tower contains the Clock Tower Museum that occupies the top four floors of the tower.

The building complex is metres away from the world's largest mosque and Islam's most sacred site, the Great Mosque of Mecca. The developer and contractor of the complex is the Saudi Binladin Group, the Kingdom's largest construction company. It is the world's most expensive building with the total cost of construction totalling US$15 billion.


4. The Ping An Finance Center in Shenzhen, China


The Ping An Finance Center in Shenzhen, China.
The Ping An Finance Center in Shenzhen, China

Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) is a 115-storey, 599 m (1,965 ft) supertall skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017, becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world. It also broke the record of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562.2 m (1,844 ft).


5. Goldin Finance 117 in Tianjin, China


Goldin Finance 117 in Tianjin, China
Goldin Finance 117 in Tianjin, China

Goldin Finance 117, also known as China 117 Tower, is a skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. The tower is expected to be 597 m (1,959 ft) with 117 stories. Construction began in 2008, and the building was scheduled to be completed in 2014, becoming the second tallest building in China, surpassing the Shanghai World Financial Center. Construction was suspended in January 2010, but resumed in 2011, with completion estimated in 2020.


6. Lotte World Tower in South Korea


Lotte World Tower in South Korea
Lotte World Tower in South Korea

Lotte World Tower is a 123-floor, 555-metre (1,821 ft) supertall skyscraper located in Seoul, South Korea. It opened to the public on April 11, 2017 and is currently the tallest building in South Korea, and is the 6th tallest building in the world.


7. One World Trade Center in New York City (USA)


One World Trade Center in New York City (USA)
One World Trade Center in New York City (USA)

One World Trade Center (also known as One WTC or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. One WTC is the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the seventh-tallest in the world. For more info, see World Trade Center (1973–2001) and (2001–present).


8. Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China


Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

The Guangzhou Chow Tai Fook Finance Centre (also called East Tower) is a 1,739-foot (530 m) tall mixed-use skyscraper in Guangzhou, Guangdong, which was completed in October 2016. It is the tallest completed building in Guangzhou, the third-tallest in China, and the eight-tallest in the world. The Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre has a total of 111 above ground and five below ground floors and houses a shopping mall, offices, apartments, and a hotel. The skyscraper has a gross floor area of 5,464,633 square feet (507,681.0 m2), of which a little over 20% is not part of the skyscraper itself, but of the podium connected to it.


9. Tianjin CTF Finance Centre in Tianjin, China


Tianjin CTF Finance Centre in Tianjin, China
Tianjin CTF Finance Centre in Tianjin, China

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre is a supertall skyscraper in Tianjin, China. Construction started in 2013 and was completed in 2019. The tower is the second tallest building in Tianjin after Goldin Finance 117, eighth tallest completed building in the world, and the tallest building with less than 100 floors. It is located in the outer district of the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area.


10. China Zun in Beijing, China


China Zun in Beijing, China

CITIC Tower is a supertall skyscraper in the Central Business District of Beijing. It is popularly known as China Zun  and IPA. The 109-storey, 528 m (1,732 ft) building is the tallest in the city, surpassing that of the China World Trade Center Tower III by 190 metres. On August 18, 2016, CITIC Tower surpassed China World Trade Center Tower III in height, becoming Beijing's tallest building. The tower structurally topped out on July 9, 2017, fully topped out on August 18, 2017, and was completed in late 2018 making CITIC Tower the tallest completed building of 2018.


11. Taipei 101 in Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan


Taipei 101 in Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan

The Taipei 101 is a supertall skyscraper designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners in Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan. This building was officially classified as the world's tallest from its opening in 2004 until the 2010 completion of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.


12. Shanghai World Financial Center in China


Shanghai World Financial Center in China
Shanghai World Financial Center in China

The Shanghai World Financial Center is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai. It was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by the Mori Building Company, with Leslie E. Robertson Associates as its structural engineer and China State Construction Engineering Corp and Shanghai Construction (Group) General Co. as its main contractor. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, consisting of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the tower's hotel component, comprising 174 rooms and suites occupying the 79th to the 93rd floors, which at the time of completion was the highest hotel in the world. It is now the third-highest hotel in the world after the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, which occupies floors 102 to 118 of the International Commerce Centre.


13. International Commerce Centre in Hong Kong, China


International Commerce Centre in Hong Kong, China

The International Commerce Centre is a 118-storey, 484 m (1,588 ft) commercial skyscraper completed in 2010 in West Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is a part of the Union Square project on top of Kowloon Station. It was the 4th tallest building in the world (third in Asia) when its construction was completed in 2010. As of June 2019, it is the world's 12th tallest building by height, world's ninth tallest building by number of floors, as well as the tallest building in Hong Kong and also the 6th tallest building within China.


14. Wuhan Greenland Center in Wuhan, China


Wuhan Greenland Center in Wuhan, China

Wuhan Greenland Center is an unfinished skyscraper in Wuhan, China. Construction has stalled since August 2017 at the 96th floor. Due to airspace regulations, it will be redesigned so its height does not exceed 500 metres above sea level. Another Chinese building, Ping An Finance Center, was also scaled down for similar reasons.

In June 2011, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architects in conjunction with Thornton Tomasetti Engineers won the design competition to build an energy-efficient tower for Greenland Group, a real estate developer owned by the Shanghai city government.


15. Central Park Tower in NYC, USA


Central Park Tower

Central Park Tower, also known as the Nordstrom Tower, is a mixed-use supertall skyscraper being developed by Extell Development Company and Shanghai Municipal Investment Group along Billionaires' Row on 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Designed by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, the building rises 1,550 feet (472 m) and is the second-tallest skyscraper in the United States and the Western Hemisphere, the 15th tallest building in the world, the tallest residential building in the world (the much taller Burj Khalifa in Dubai has 900 residential units, but is mixed-use), and the tallest building outside Asia by roof height.

0 Comments