Top 10 Most Popular Spitz dog breeds in The World

Spitz dod breeds are characterized by a wolf-like appearance that includes pointy, pricked ears; almond-shaped eyes; a heavy, double coat; and a feathery tail carried over the back.

Spitz dog breeds

Many of the spitz breeds were bred for life in arctic climates, and they originated in Scandinavia, Russia, and North America. The wedge shape of their head — the word “spitz” in German means pointed — helps warm frigid air as it’s inhaled through the nasal passage. They also have a double coat to help keep warmth in and the harsh elements out.

There is no hard-and-fast definition of a spitz, because some breeds aren’t easily categorized, or their fanciers feel another classification is more appropriate. It’s estimated that between 50 and 70 distinct spitz breeds exist. Here ten some of them:

10 Most Popular Spitz dog breeds:

  • The German Spitz
  • Pomeranian
  • Japanese Spitz
  • Samoyed
  • Chow-Chow
  • Shiba Inu
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Akita Inu
  • Siberian Husky
  • Swedish Vallhund

1. The German Spitz

Life expectancy: 13 – 15 years
Origin: Germany
Temperament: Devoted, Lively, Trainable, Attentive, Robust
Mass: Keeshond: 14 – 18 kg, German Spitz Mittel: 7 – 11 kg
Colors: White, Black, Cream, Black & Tan, Brown, Orange
Height: Keeshond: 43 – 46 cm, German Spitz Mittel: 30 – 38 cm

The German Spitz
Picture credit: AKC

Spitz breeds like the German Spitz are captivating on account of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by a plentiful undercoat. Particularly impressive is his strong, mane-like collar around his neck, called a ruff, and the bushy tail carried boldly over his back. His foxy head, alert eyes, and small, pointed, closely-set ears give the German Spitz his unique cheeky appearance. His coat comes in a variety of colors including white, black, cream, gold, black and tan, sable, and chocolate brown. Though easily trainable, this lively and intelligent breed can also have an independent streak. If properly trained (so as not to be too noisy) and well socialized, the German Spitz will be happy mingling with other people and dogs.

2. Pomeranian

Hypoallergenic: No
Life expectancy: 12 – 16 years
Mass: 1.9 – 3.5 kg (Adult)
Temperament: Intelligent, Extroverted, Sociable, Active, Friendly, Playful
Colors: White, Black, Grey-shaded, Tan, Brown, Orange
Origin: Germany, Poland


The Pomeranian is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is named for the Pomerania region in north-west Poland and north-east Germany in Central Europe. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz.

The breed has been made popular by a number of royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and consequently, the smaller variety became universally popular. During Queen Victoria's lifetime alone, the size of the breed decreased by half. Overall, the Pomeranian is a sturdy, healthy dog. The most common health issues are luxating patella and tracheal collapse. More rarely, the breed can have Alopecia X, a skin condition colloquially known as "black skin disease". This is a genetic disease which causes the dog's skin to turn black and lose all or most of its hair. As of 2013, in terms of registration figures, since at least 1998, the breed has ranked among the top fifty most popular breeds in the US, and the current fashion for small dogs has increased their popularity worldwide.

3. Japanese Spitz

Lifespan: 10 – 16 years
Color: White
Origin: Japan
Scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris
Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Obedient, Companionable, Playful, Proud
Height: Male: 30 – 38 cm (At the withers), Female: 25 – 35 cm

Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz, as a companion breed, enjoy the company of their families and truly are little comedians. They love to please their family and are thus eager to learn; they always have a smile on their face. Distinctive features include their pure white coat that has a mane-like feature about their neck. Also, like other spitz breeds, their tails curl over their back in a beautiful hair plume. A pointed muzzle likens them to a fox with a black nose, black eye rims, and ears of pointed triangles, which stand erect and move like radar towers, hearing everything going on around them and making this breed very alert.

The major health concern is patellar luxation, and a minor recurring concern is that the breed can be prone to runny eyes. They can act as reliable watchdogs, but are a type of companion dog and prefer to be an active part of the family. Although they might appear fluffy, they are a low maintenance breed as dirt does not stick to the coat.

4. Samoyed

Hypoallergenic: Yes
Life expectancy: 12 – 13 years
Temperament: Lively, Stubborn, Sociable, Friendly, Alert, Playful
Height: Female: 48–53 cm, Male: 53–60 cm
Weight: Female: 16–20 kg, Male: 20–30 kg
Origin: Siberia, Russia

Samoyed Dog breed

The Samoyed has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th Century. It belongs to the spitz or northern dog group, specifically the laikas, a Eurasian dog type used for a variety of purposes, namely hunting, herding, guarding, and sledding. The Samoyed is descended from the Nenets herding laika, a dog that comes in not only white, but also a wider variety of colors. Like many breeds, the Samoyed was bred from a small number of founders (in this case, from Siberia).

5. Chow-Chow

Life expectancy: 9 – 15 years
Origin: China
Temperament: Aloof, Independent, Loyal, Quiet
Colors: Black, Blue, Fawn, Cream, Red
Height: Male: 48–56 cm, Female: 46–51 cm
Weight: Male: 25–32 kg, Female: 20–27 kg


The Chow-Chow is a sturdily built dog, square in profile, with a broad skull and small, triangular, erect ears with rounded tips. The breed is known for a very dense double coat that is either smooth or rough. The fur is particularly thick in the neck area, giving it a distinctive ruff or mane appearance. The coat may be shaded/self-red, black, blue, cinnamon/fawn, or cream. Not all these color varieties are recognized as valid in all countries. Individuals with patchy or multicolored coats are considered to be outside the breed standard. Chow-Chow eyes are typically deep set and almond shaped. The breed is unique by their purple/blue-black tongue which no other breed has except shar-pei's and has very straight hind legs, resulting in a rather stilted gait.

Today, the AKC registers approximately 10,000 Chow-Chows a year. The Canadian Kennel Club registers approximately 350.

6. Shiba Inu

Hypoallergenic: No
Life expectancy: 12 – 15 years
Temperament: Charming, Fearless, Keen, Alert, Confident, Faithful
Height: Male: 35–43 cm, Female: 33–41 cm
Colors: Black & Tan, Red Sesame, Cream, Black Sesame, Sesame, Red
Weight: Male: 8–11 kg, Female: 6.8–9 kg

Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed of hunting dog. A small-to-medium breed, it is the smallest of the six original and distinct spitz breeds of dog native to Japan. A small, agile dog that copes very well with mountainous terrain and hiking trails, the Shiba Inu was originally bred for hunting.

These dogs are very clean, so grooming needs will likely be minimal. They naturally tend to hate to be wet or bathed, thus, it is very important to start accustomed when they are young. A Shiba Inu's coat is coarse; short to medium length with the outer coat being 2.5 to 3.2 cm (1 to 1 1⁄4 in) long, and is naturally waterproof so there is little need for regular bathing. They also have a thick undercoat that can protect them from temperatures well below freezing. However, shedding, also known as blowing coat, can be a nuisance. Shedding is heaviest during the seasonal change and particularly during the summer season, but daily brushing can temper this problem. It is recommended that owners never shave or cut the coat of a Shiba Inu, as the coat is needed to protect them from both cold and hot temperatures.

7. Finnish Spitz

Hypoallergenic: No
Life expectancy: 12 – 14 years
Temperament: Intelligent, Independent, Loyal, Playful, Happy, Vocal
Height: Male: 44–50 cm, Female: 39–45 cm
Weight: Male: 12–13 kg, Female: 7–10 kg
Colors: Gold, Red Gold, Red

Finnish Spitz

A Finnish Spitz is a breed of dog originating in Finland. The breed was originally bred to hunt all types of game from squirrels and other rodents to bears. It is a "bark pointer", indicating the position of game by barking, and drawing the game animal's attention to itself, allowing an easier approach for the hunter.

Finnish Spitzes are independent, strong-willed, intelligent dogs. They are best trained with a soft voice and touch. This breed will not respond well to harsh training methods. They should be trained with a light touch and positive reinforcement methods. With patience and calm yet firm handling, the Finnish Spitz can be a wonderful companion.

8. Akita Inu

Origin: Japan
Life expectancy: 10 – 12 years
Temperament: Docile, Composed, Receptive, Faithful
Colors: White, Brindle, Sesame, Red Fawn
Weight: Female: 34–50 kg, Male: 34–54 kg
Height: Female: 58–64 cm, Male: 64–70 cm

Akita Inu

The Akita is a powerful, independent and dominant breed, commonly aloof with strangers but affectionate with family members. As a breed, Akitas are generally hardy, but they have been known to be susceptible to various genetic conditions and can be sensitive to certain drugs.

In all countries except the United States, the Japanese and American strains of Akita are considered two separate breeds. In the United States, however, the two strains are considered a single breed with differences in type. For a while, the American strain of Akita was known in some countries as the Great Japanese Dog. Both forms of Akita are probably best known worldwide from the true story of Hachikō, a loyal Akita who lived in Japan before World War II.

9. Siberian Husky

Life expectancy: 12 – 15 years
Origin: Siberia
Temperament: Intelligent, Outgoing, Friendly, Alert, Gentle
Colors: White, Black, Agouti, Piebald, Black & Tan, Sable, Copper, Splash, Black & White, Grey, Silver, Brown, Red
Height: Female: 50–56 cm, Male: 54–60 cm
Weight: Female: 16–23 kg, Male: 20–27 kg

Siberian Husky

The breed belongs to the Spitz genetic family. It is recognizable by its thickly furred double coat, erect triangular ears, and distinctive markings, and is smaller than a very similar-looking dog, the Alaskan Malamute.

Siberian Huskies originated in Northeast Asia where they are bred by the Chukchi people for sled-pulling, guarding, and companionship. It is an active, energetic, resilient breed, whose ancestors lived in the extremely cold and harsh environment of the Siberian Arctic. William Goosak, a Russian fur trader, introduced them to Nome, Alaska during the Nome Gold Rush, initially as sled dogs.

10. Swedish Vallhund

Hypoallergenic: No
Life expectancy: 12 – 15 years
Temperament: Fearless, Energetic, Intelligent, Friendly, Alert, Watchful
Colors: Greyish Yellow, Blue, Grey, Mahogany, Greyish Brown
Weight: Male: 9–14 kg, Female: 9–14 kg
Height: Male: 32–34 cm, Female: 30–32 cm

Swedish Vallhund

The Swedish Vallhund, also known as the Västgötaspets and Swedish cow dog, is a breed of dog native to Sweden. The breed's name, Vallhund, when translated into English, means herding dog, as the Swedish Vallhund was originally bred as a drover and herder of cows over 1,000 years ago.

The Swedish Vallhund is generally a healthy dog. Its small stature contributes to its longevity, with an average lifespan of 15 years. Its pointy ears mean that—unlike dog breeds with long, hanging ears—ear problems are rare. This breed does well in hot climates because of its double layer coat, as long as the dog is provided cool shade and water. The breed does not do well in very deep snow because of its short legs. The Vallhund has an inherited type of progressive retinal atrophy disease in 34.9% of the population, which appears as mild to moderate night-blindness around the age of ten.


Spitz, with their thick fur, fluffy ruffs, curled tails and small muzzles and ears, have been bred into non-working types designed to be companions or lap dogs. This trend is most evident in the tiny Pomeranian, which was originally a much larger dog closer to the size of a Keeshond before being bred down to make an acceptable court animal. The Keeshond, the Wolfspitz variation of the German Spitz, is an affectionate, loyal, and very energetic pet and have been bred as watch-dogs for barges (hence the name Dutch Barge Dog). Often, these breeds are recognized for their "smiling" mouths. Other spitz which have been bred away from working uses are the American Eskimo Dog, Alaskan Klee Kai, German Spitz, Volpino Italiano and Japanese Spitz.


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