The Top 10 Most Popular German Dog Breeds

When you think of German dog breeds, the German Shepherd is probably the first (and possibly, only) dog that comes to mind. But Germany is actually the third biggest producer of dog breeds, with nearly 50 different breeds (which is only outmatched by France and Great Britain).

The Top 10 Most Popular German Dog Breeds

Germany boasts one of the largest markets for dog exports. You probably didn’t even realize that some of the most popular breeds in the US (like Rottweilers and Poodles) actually come from Germany. From tiny Dachshunds to giant Great Danes, you can find German dog breeds in nearly every shape, size, and color, so no matter what you’re looking for, one of these 10 German dog breeds may just make the perfect companion for your family.

10 Most Popular German Dog Breeds

1. German Shepherd

Life expectancy: 9 – 13 years
Temperament: Obedient, Intelligent, Alert, Curious, Loyal, Confident, Watchful, Courageous
Colors: Black, Black & Tan, Sable, Red & Black, Grey, Black & Silver
Weight: Male: 30–40 kg, Female: 22–32 kg
Height: Male: 60–65 cm, Female: 55–60 cm

German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. In the English language, the breed's officially recognized name is German Shepherd Dog.

As a herding dog, German Shepherds are working dogs developed originally for herding sheep. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability, and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are often the preferred breed for many types of work, including disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police and military roles and acting. The German Shepherd is the second-most registered breed by the American Kennel Club and seventh-most registered breed by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom.

2. Rottweiler

Life expectancy: 8 – 10 years
Temperament: Good-natured, Obedient, Devoted, Steady, Fearless, Alert, Confident, Self-assured, Courageous, Calm
Colors: Black, Tan, Mahogany
Height: Female: 56–63 cm, Male: 61–69 cm
Weight: Female: 35–48 kg, Male: 50–60 kg


The Rottweiler is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large or large. The dogs were known in German as Rottweiler Metzgerhund, meaning Rottweil butchers' dogs, because their main use was to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat to market.

3. Dachshund

Life expectancy: 12 – 16 years
Mass: 7.3 – 15 kg (Standard Size)
Temperament: Clever, Stubborn, Devoted, Lively, Playful, Courageous
Colors: Black, Black & Tan, Chocolate & Tan, Chocolate & Cream, Cream, Tan, Blue & Tan, Red


The dachshund, also known as the wiener dog, badger dog, or sausage dog, is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. They may be smooth-haired, wire-haired, or long-haired. Dachshunds also participate in conformation shows, field trials and many other events organized through pure-bred dog organizations such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). According to the AKC, the dachshund is ranked 13th in popularity among dog breeds in the United States.

4. Pomeranian

Life expectancy: 12 – 16 years
Height: 20 cm (Adult)
Mass: 1.9 – 3.5 kg (Adult)
Temperament: Intelligent, Extroverted, Sociable, Active, Friendly, Playful
Colors: White, Black, Grey-shaded, Tan, Brown, Orange


The Pomeranian is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is named for the Pomerania region in north-west Poland and north-east Germany in Central Europe. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz.

5. German Spitz

Life expectancy: 13 – 15 years
Temperament: Devoted, Lively, Trainable, Attentive, Robust
Mass: Keeshond: 14 – 18 kg, German Spitz Mittel: 7 – 11 kg
Colors: White, Black, Cream, Black & Tan, Brown, Orange
Height: Keeshond: 43 – 46 cm, German Spitz Mittel: 30 – 38 cm

German Spitz

German Spitz is used to refer to both a standardized breed of dog (usually capitalized) in some kennel clubs, and a category or type of dog comprising several separate breeds. Various modern breeds have been developed from the original German Spitz, and are either registered as separate breeds or as varieties of German Spitz, depending on club. All German spitz-type dogs are dogs of the broader spitz type, of German origin.

6. Miniature Pinscher

Lifespan: 15 years
Temperament: Clever, Energetic, Responsive, Outgoing, Friendly, Playful
Weight: Male: 4–5 kg, Female: 3.5–4 kg
Colors: Stag Red, Chocolate & Rust, Black & Rust, Black & Tan, Chocolate & Tan, Red
Height: Male: 25–30 cm, Female: 25–28 cm

Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher, also known as the Zwergpinscher, and Min Pin, is a small breed of dog of the pinscher type originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.

8. German Pinscher

Mass: 11 – 20 kg
Life expectancy: 12 – 14 years
Height: 43 – 51 cm
Temperament: Familial, Intelligent, Lively, Even Tempered, Spirited, Loving
Colors: Black, Fawn, Blue, Brown, Red

German Pinscher

The German Pinscher is a medium-sized breed of dog, a Pinscher type that originated in Germany. The breed is included in the origins of the Dobermann, the Rottweiler, Miniature Pinscher, the Standard Schnauzer. The breed is rising in numbers in the U.S., mainly due to their full acceptance to AKC in 2003.

9. Leonberger

Life expectancy: 8 – 9 years
Temperament: Obedient, Fearless, Loyal, Companionable, Adaptable, Loving
Height: Female: 65–75 cm, Male: 72–80 cm
Weight: Female: 41–59 kg, Male: 48–75 kg
Colors: Sandy, Mahogany, Yellow, Red


The Leonberger is a giant dog breed, whose name derives from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. According to legend, the Leonberger was ostensibly bred as a "symbolic dog" that would mimic the lion in the town coat of arms.

10. Eskimo Dog

Height: 38 – 51 cm (Standard Size)
Life expectancy: 13 – 15 years
Mass: 8.2 – 16 kg (Standard Size)
Temperament: Intelligent, Alert, Reserved, Friendly, Protective
Colors: White, Biscuit

Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of companion dog, originating in Germany. The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family. The breed's progenitors were German Spitz, but due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, it was renamed "American Eskimo Dog."


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